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[转载] “中国制造”的核反应堆在全球市场上难出售

'Made in China' nuclear reactors a toughsell in global market
8 G6 \  c, b* x/ q9 k"中国制造"的核反应堆在全球市场上难以出售
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HONG KONG/BEIJING (Reuters) - As Chinasigns global deals to export its nuclear power technology, it faces a hugeobstacle: it still needs to show it can build and safely operate these reactorsat home.8 |) ]8 d2 o& ~# o9 l3 k2 r4 A9 f

% C/ m$ H2 w5 A! }香港/北京(路透社)——中国向全球出口自己的核反应堆技术,但面临着一个巨大的障碍:中国依然需要向人们展示自己可以在国内制造和安全的运营这些核反应堆。
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And in a sign of progress on exporting itsown nuclear technology, China signed a preliminary agreement last month to sellits flagship Hualong 1 reactor to Argentina.
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$ D1 j" D7 K5 `- ?. d. w) |- K# L# \作为出口核电技术的一个进步性标志,中国在上个月签订了初步的协议以向阿根廷出口其旗舰产品华龙1号反应堆。
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SNPTC, which was set up to receivetechnology transferred from Westinghouse Electric Co., is trying to developanother reactor ultimately targeted at the world market.
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先前作为接收来自西屋电气公司的技术而建立起来的国家核电技术公司目前正在研发另一种反应堆以出口到全球市场。
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9 u; F! L# ~% a1 j+ Q9 Z* cAlthough China has operatedWestern-designed reactors at home for more than 20 years, it will need toconvince buyers of the reliability of its own technology, particularly given acheckered reputation on industrial standards and safety in some other areassuch as mining.
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虽然中国在国内运营西方设计的反应堆已经超过了20年,但是中国还是需要让买家信服自己所设计的产品的可靠性,特别是在中国某些其他领域在行业标准和安全上不能给人以安全感的情况下,比如采矿业。
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China's first Hualong 1 project, in Fujianprovince, may not be completed until 2020, assuming it breaks ground this yearand construction goes smoothly, said Li Ning, dean of the School of EnergyResearch at Xiamen University.
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中国的首个华龙1号项目(位于福建)可能得到2020年才能完成,前提是今年就破土动工并且工程稳步进行,厦门大学能源研究院院长李宁说。8 q6 B# Q3 N+ X
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9 E! c# [  U0 K# S& S评论翻译
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$ b- _3 n7 \9 \" DSan 15 hours ago, z4 H" J- S; M6 s& |* S
Chinese trolls are too stupid to think thatthe free world will pays to bring the Chinese nuclear bombs and actively placethem around their countries. Their brain are full of formaldehyde., m( e& c4 D' ^' x. v
中国的这些轮子太蠢了,以为自由世界会购买中国的核炸弹并且安放在自己国家。他们的脑袋里装的都是甲醛。$ R& `- N( g8 h( v4 `" B

/ w4 H9 q6 X& ieiji 15 hours ago/ w( E. {$ ?* `7 @& x+ v3 W
USA media are afraid to mention: c' d0 M! }) S& D
FUKUSHIMA nuclear meltdown due to AMERICAN MADE REACTOR7 W5 G! b% Q. r/ J& g2 c5 d7 c0 s
usa media are paranoid about rise of china
  i8 I. d! q1 y6 w9 C! qsoon, china nuclear reactor would replace USA market share+ f8 c( [' v  _$ u# ^- z! w
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美国媒体不敢提以下的这件事情:( k; I4 V) g5 w6 A4 R5 L7 R3 M
福岛核事故是由美国制造的核反应堆导致的3 q# I) p# `  \
美国媒体对中国的崛起非常的偏执。
8 o# x! p5 c" c' G. `2 c) V很快,中国的核反应堆将替代美国的市场份额。, A$ B2 B2 u: s& J; h+ H# j
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Tom Nevermind 9 hours ago
! y3 m$ B& T- @8 }, n- k6 _. wGo look up an article in Wikipedia called,"Chinese drywall" then ask yourself, Would I buy a nuclear reactorfrom them? They seem to have a big issue with quality control over there.
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去维基百科上查看一篇叫做《中国的纸面石膏板》的文章,然后问你自己,我会从中国购买核反应堆吗?他们的质量控制问题貌似真的很严重。
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William 13 hours ago
; F7 H% o$ {9 QStealing and then selling technology onedid not develop is often accompanied by a lack of understanding and respect forthe dangers of the same and that can lead quickly to disaster.
+ s$ ~- X6 h; O2 C# z( IThat the PRC is so willing and eager to become the world's worst nuclearpolluter, just as it is now leading in so many other forms of industrialpollution should be a major concern to all other nations and people of theworld.
+ Q! U2 n' |. L. i: J# [* a: iNuclear energy, in its current form, is neither safe nor manageable withpolluting waste products which remain literally deadly for thousands of yearsand make the necessary materials for a "dirty bomb" more readily availableto those one would least desire to have such.0 i+ P/ g1 @( o2 I

* `8 K1 O; p: F3 S# a/ @( b- Z把窃取来的技术销售出去,就因为是窃取的,所以不了解这其中的危险性,所以有可能会导致灾难性的后果。5 v8 {8 X3 d' \3 ^8 j2 [% c
中国这么愿意、这么急切的想要成为世界上最大的核污染源,就好比中国在其他方面的工业污染上起主导作用一样,这应该引起全世界人民和国家的极大关注。+ L: K! D. x% H
目前的核能既不安全也无法控制污染的核废物,这些废料几千年后都依然是致命的,会带来巨大的污染。
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Impartial Observer 12 hours ago
) t$ R5 \( d9 T! |! D/ yAll the operating Chinese plants are Basedon US Technology ... However the newest designs are safer and Areva (France)has a closed loop concept which recycles the spent fuel back into new fuelassemblies. Mixed Oxide Fuel, or MOX is the result of recycling spent fuel.Instead of using enriched Uranium as the sole fissile material in a new fuelassembly, a mixed oxide uranium/plutonium is used. The fuel is from recycablesfrom the spent fuel, Plutonium. Nearly zero waste, and all of the enrichmentsare low (3-5%) so not weapons. US-Westinghouse invented this recycling process,but Jimmy Carter made it illegal in the U.S. so France and other countries havedeveloped nuclear fuel recycling capabilities and solved the "wasteproblem" that Jimmy Carter inflicted on the USA. Yucca Mtn was Plan-B.Areva offers recycling services for spent assemblies as well. US is"planning" to start recycling, however the last NRC director was aHarry Reid lackey who's job was to torpedo Yucca Mtn., V: c+ u" T! [9 `- b6 D
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中国现在所有正在运营中的核电站都是基于美国技术。。。而法国的阿海珐公司有一种闭环概念,那就是将废燃料重新循环利用到新的燃料组建中。混合氧化物燃料就是这种循环利用的废燃料所产生的结果。所以并没有在新的燃料组建中使用新的浓缩铀来作为唯一的核燃料,而是使用了混合氧化物的铀/钚,这种燃料是从循环利用的废燃料中产生的。所以几乎不产生垃圾废物,并且浓缩程度都很低(3-5%),所以无法生产成武器。美国的西屋电气公司发明了这种循环利用技术,但是吉米卡特将这种技术定为非法。所以法国和其他国家发展了这种核燃料的循环利用技术,并且解决了"垃圾废物问题",而美国深受其害,这都拜吉米卡特所赐。Yucca Mtn是B计划。美国也正在"计划"开始这项循环技术,然而,美国核管理委员会的最后一位主任是参议院多数党领袖Harry Reid的走狗,他的工作就是破坏Yucca Mtn计划。! m" C; }0 ]9 f1 h% o3 |  e$ w

5 F& [0 [# g4 @  u) uSteven 15 hours ago0 A( }* {- ~8 i- a/ C5 |' K9 P
If a made in Japan reactor fails somassively (Fukushima) just imagine what a made in China reactor will do.
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如果日本制造的核反应堆都失败的一塌糊涂(福岛事件),那想象一下中国制造的核反应堆会是什么样子吧。
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ChineseHumanGarbage 16 hours ago" k9 }/ h. ~+ z" v) H
I wont even buy microwave oven made inchina! _. f; y" h+ W* s, u8 \( P9 h

) I: b' K2 `; `; `8 m9 Q  L我甚至都不买中国制造的微波炉。
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Bob 11 hours ago+ N% t8 Z3 r4 D+ O4 |. l
I don't trust ANYTHING made in China !
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9 I) k* F, E& ^' F$ V% K- }我不相信中国制造的任何东西!" ]% h- l5 {) @8 g1 a
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Hopy Daddy 15 hours ago
3 s' E4 w  P, c* yI thought we were already over this thingcalled nuclear fission. Fission is an archaic technology which belongs in the20th century. Fukushima is a fine example - not to mention the dangerousradioactive waste from spent fuel - which nobody has yet built a working systemto recycle it.; t" I! Q4 }& I4 K* G
Solar and Wave power are a good way to go for the forseeable future untilsomeone can come up with something better.3 E$ a" e+ k- t2 ~9 {+ {2 d) x- B

+ b% P4 O! l* g2 l- ?' x我以为核裂变这种东西已经成为历史了。裂变是一种陈旧的技术,属于20世纪。福岛就是个很好的例子,更别提来自废燃料中的危险放射性废物了——如今,还没有人建立可行的系统来进行回收。
; q6 r; P! b$ J2 H: i( z" |太阳能和波浪是很好的发电方式,直到有人想出更好的方式来。
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Moishefekstain 13 hours ago
2 w- @8 e3 h% v- Q! }; I3 y* FRussia won the South African deal, $5Billion dollars for six reactors,2 V% X" z, ^! U( u
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俄罗斯赢得了南非的协议,50亿美元建6个核反应堆。
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Ming Mow 9 hours ago
# R/ H3 u, K2 N% vto all you China bashers here, tell me thishave you ever heard of any nuclear accidents in China? None, however, therehave been at least 56 accidents at nuclear reactors in the US and a couple inRussia but none in China3 u* [# y& @8 K; v
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中国有发生过核事故吗?没有。而美国至少发生56起核事故,俄罗斯发生过一两次,中国没有发生过。
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Ming Mow 11 hours ago
4 \- b. W, E1 l% p0 Hour nuclear reactors are 1000x safer thanUS and 10x safer than Russia
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# R- P4 r7 `5 x: W  I我们的核反应堆比美国安全1000倍,比俄罗斯安全10倍。
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/ C5 `& Q+ O2 S5 l! Q7 t+ H( 本文已被整理选入“国外译帖”栏目,欢迎大家访问:http://www.kanshij.com/community/country/england/10912.html
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