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[转载] 各国网友讨论:哪些国家将在2040年跻身世界超级大国前五名?

Which countries will be the top 5 world superpowers in 2040?- A7 K, @7 m* Z  `# {7 I' E& }

  H$ j4 V- A" R5 J, i3 C3 a5 q本文第一个回答比较长,但它是这个问题点赞最多的回答,极其的详细,在下一篇文章中我会把更多的国家的网友对这个问题的看法展示给大家,感谢观看!% u) M# k$ d' _1 M# X

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# g3 X3 Z* }0 c' [/ _评论翻译, h" `" o: h) p) M! A. k* B. O9 s/ e
Jared Bailey, lives in Europe1 H+ T3 A9 e3 w+ H
Original Question  \" H! C" h  `1 r6 ~. u6 W/ T1 p5 q
“Which countries will be the top 5 world superpowers in 2040?”9 b* g; w+ E! z+ W4 }
This answer has since been Edited, translations and comments of this answer may reflect an older version.2 f8 K% ]2 R% q$ \2 j; G5 f& U- L; Z
The future is uncertain, predicting the world order in 20 years from now is a stretch, as many events can occur in 20 years which can either bring nations down or raise them up.  x/ {- U# C5 M- N$ ~3 D1 h, K2 J
Officially ‘superpower’ status is more sextive, and in 2040 it’s likely that few nations will have it. Currently, only the United States is the only ‘superpower’ and for half a century during the Cold War, there were only two ‘superpowers’, the USA and the Soviet unx.7 E' q) h7 i8 O! q. F
This means by 2040, there may not necessarily be many ‘superpowers’ but considering the question asks for ‘top 5’, please consider that not all countries mentioned may be described as full ‘superpowers’ in 2040 but just a top 5 country.
- D4 r! R& T2 _" rThere is no doubt, that there are potential superpowers or great powers, however, it is unlikely that any nation in the future will ever have the hegemony the United States has had in international affairs, following the dissolution of the Soviet unx in 1991.( t: N/ ]& n4 J
To be a superpower, a nation requires many variables to be achieved. Aforementioned, most scholars describe the United States to be the only country to fulfil all the requirements today. With China being at most only currently being described as an “economic superpower”.
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( x& p1 j: M3 B3 t8 j: S最初的问题:
# B' y' W; S( g$ r$ @5 h8 R“到2040年,哪些国家将跻身世界超级大国前五名?”; v/ V$ I3 ?1 H8 H9 |3 I" n' W
这个答案已经被修改过,这个答案和评论可能反馈的是一个更早的问题版本。
+ l! s8 B) K% d. u; p! d未来是不确定的,预测20年后的世界秩序是一种du博,因为在20年内会发生许多事.件,这些事.件要么让国家衰落,要么让它们崛起。  |' C% o( `# {0 K9 C3 K: T  W
官方的“超级大国”地位更具选择性,到2040年,可能很少有国家会拥有这种地位。目前,只有美国是唯一的“超级大国”,在冷战的半个世纪里,只有两个“超级大国”,美国和苏联。
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这意味着,到2040年,可能不一定会有很多“超级大国”,但考虑到这个问题问的是“前5名”,所以要明白,并不是本文所有提到的国家都被描述为完整的“超级大国”,这里谈的只是在2040年世界排名前5名的国家。' c$ e/ \. Q, `- r2 x% ?) A
毫无疑问,当前世界有很多潜在的超级大国或大国,但是,在1991年苏联解体后,未来任何国家都不太可能像美国那样在国际事务中拥有霸权。/ D' A+ `% q4 `6 q  `
要成为超级大国,一个国家需要解决许多变数。大多数学者认为美国是今天唯一满足所有要求的超级大国。中国目前最多被认为是“经济超级大国”。
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What does it take to be a superpower?
3 e; N7 W$ A, _5 LThere is no agreed definition of what a nation needs to be one, however, all past and current nations which have been described as superpowers have at least mastered the ‘seven dimensions of state power’ which are:
# }( Y7 Z+ s1 b, z. qGeography (whether natural or political), z9 c- \3 ^: J4 H% e; }
Population" y0 g  Z# n8 Z% z9 o5 W0 L. ]9 W
Economy
7 y( z  l7 S  Q5 @# X0 RResources (whether natural or human-made)' e2 E* I# k3 h- R" k
Military% X1 _4 R; `, P& R! {' l' h% p. G
Diplomacy4 s9 O, O4 E5 h5 x
National Identity
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怎样才能成为一个超级大国呢?1 k5 B, \/ o' v* I  }# G; w6 e8 H7 @4 y
对于一个国家需要成为一个什么样的国家,目前还没有一个统一的定义,但是,所有过去和现在被称为超级大国的国家至少已经掌握了“七个方面的国家权力”,这七个方面是:
+ s. G! v* Z# i- a. u/ [' O地理(自然或政治)、人口、经济、资源(不论是天然或人造)、军事、外交、国家认同
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5 |; V: Q) D% ~7 h- r5 M0 xNote: as 2040 is the year used in this question, a few figures are educated guesses between the more documented predictions of the year 2050 and current data. GDP estimates included in this answer may be an estimation between the 2050 prediction and the latest pre-2040 prediction available.
# s; F  W8 D( X# C" NThe following list is arranged in order of the predicted largest economies in 2040, on the basis that economies are the core to being a superpower (revenues generated by the economy can fund various sectors of a superpower), but there is no doubt that some nations are able to project power despite a smaller or more vulnerable economy.0 _' Z$ n, @' C/ t1 A% D/ k# g
In Economic Order of estimated GDP Nominal+ n0 f6 A4 c2 [" _3 {  P* t! g
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注: 由于在这个问题中使用的是2040年,一些数字将是有根据的预测,在目前更多的对2050年的预测和目前的数据之间。这个答案中包含的GDP数据是对2050年预测数据和2040年之前的最新预测数据之间的估计。* q, ~# b* K+ _! Q
下面列表的顺序排列是按照预测的2040年的以经济的核心的超级大国(各种行业的经济收入), 但毫无疑问,一些国家能够向周边投射实力尽管它的经济规模较小或更脆弱。
. U! w; V' F: U4 w+ l- U* c按估计名义国内生产总值的经济排名:
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People’s Republic of China* P3 n) F: h% D4 P
Fulfilments4 E2 T( ^- |+ m6 p3 c3 `9 s/ `
·Largest World Economy in 2040, around $38 Trillion0 F% @5 ~9 x8 r; ^: N
·Second Largest World Population in 2040, around 1.4 Billion, and one of or the largest Middle-Class Market in the World.
0 T% [! ]; `/ \4 u·Large active military (currently the largest), around 2 million personnel and potential for a “Blue-Water Navy”. Numerous navy ports and overseas military bases, e.g. in Djibouti.# u* w% I2 ~$ G) H! H
·Large Cyberforce, Espionage networks and Tech Environment, (Shenzen, Huawei) etc.; H! L) \9 E$ T0 e/ ]1 M& E6 H* W
·Independent Nuclear Weapon State' E% \7 Q. J$ o
·Largest Banks in the World
* G! y; y* Q; [1 ], [  K* Y! v(including the current top 4, Industrial & Commercial Bank of China, China Construction Bank Corp, Agricultural Bank of China, Bank of China) The 10 Biggest Banks in the World
+ d2 ?. ^3 r4 J2 K0 J; A$ ?; r- ?·United Nations Security Council Permanent Seat. h. k: X* `8 X/ F, P! m
·Geographic Defences - the Himalayas, Seas and Gobi Desert etc.
3 g- \- c& G6 n3 p* w$ x·Geographic Advantages- Large arable land basin, by the Yangtze, Yellow and Pearl Rivers. Leading to large food supplies to sustain a large population. Large deposits of Minerals and commands control of the water sources to their major rivers.
7 L) F  P1 |& `+ {·3rd Largest Country in Land Area (disputed with the United States)! [: m8 [& t- H( V5 T& }' P
·Large Diplomacy Network with the One Belt, One Road Project
' p" @4 E1 ^8 I( r" Z# d2 N·Cemented National Identity through the CCP and ‘Century of Humiliation’$ p  U; ]% @/ ^- d
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中华人民共和国:5 v1 F0 ~) y. k2 z
优势:  F. x( e/ ]+ v, b- ^8 K
2040年成为世界最大经济体,经济规模约38万亿美元。0 K! @, P, m, l& e; Y" N+ D9 y
2040年成为世界第二大人口大国,约14亿,是世界上最大的中产阶级市场之一。/ W+ J  \, O' K% r$ P% P
庞大的现役军队,约200万人,有潜力组建一支蓝水海军。并拥有许多海军港口和海外军事基地,例如在吉布提。
) R- p& v% M- U大型网络力量,网络间谍和技术支持(深圳,华为)等7 [/ N, z+ A# R* u; L) f

) V2 M: T/ X$ V! @7 N5 Wdu立的核武器国家
* w6 m8 A5 d* s9 l# i: S. R: b世界上最大的银行
8 e3 d& v5 O( ?2 @4 b0 l联合国安理会常任理事国
- B; P0 g, f, h; c0 m5 x地理防御-喜马拉雅山脉、海洋和戈壁沙漠等: F) z( K. W5 X; a# r

5 h6 h* o; a: |& K! o0 M地理优势-耕地面积大,拥有长江,黄河,珠江,以至于可以有大量的食物供应来维持大量的人口,拥有大量的矿藏并控制着主要河流的水源。
; R2 m  N; s& ]陆地面积第三大国
/ p6 I- q3 V$ N$ y% P: \8 M- A8 k一带一路大外交战略; o! X1 q; a3 {' [( u1 \* c+ s6 H! ?
通过国家宣传和百年屈辱的历史教训巩固国家认同
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" e% y3 k6 `+ t8 a% EUnited States of America
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·Current Sole World ‘Superpower’
! D. z9 A7 V6 w·Second Largest World Economy by 2040, around $30 Trillion
  b1 \. b& @$ A3 O·3rd* Most Populated Nation, around 375 million in 2040, and one of the largest Middle-Class Markets in the World.$ o4 S, ^+ z% L& l
* - When not including amalgamations like the EU and ASEAN. 5th otherwise.
. t, g/ q6 G" t9 o. q; ^: M" f( m8 B·Expansive Military Network and Military-Industrial Complex, Hundreds of Military Bases Internationally, has a Blue-Water Navy, Advanced Special Forces, Highly Equipped Military Personnel, Holds Many Leading Military Contractors, Aerospace Manufacturers (Boeing, Lockheed Martin) and Tech Enterprises (Cisco)." d9 _( K3 T- K
·Increasing Cyberforce, Large Espionage Network (CIA, NSA) and TechEnvironment, (Silicon Valley, Apple, Google, Facebook) etc.
6 h; f3 O; t- }$ f) q. x·Hollywood, Cinema Environment, leading to influence and soft power0 r& Q: C: u- E. W" c& H6 B/ q0 i
·Independent Nuclear Weapon State  t  [" G) }8 ^# p1 j$ W2 a
·Largest Banks in the World (such as current, 6th JPMorgan Chase & Co and 9th Bank of America) and a leading Financial Centre (New York)& e# C# K# G" L; j; Q  F
·Leading trading currency, U.S. Dollar (USD)% P: H, S' u9 F5 W! i
·United Nations Security Council Permanent Seat3 _# k3 F9 W4 Y; [

6 @( d5 c, d$ V3 o8 d美利坚合众国1 H# x# i2 ?/ U4 k7 h( q3 I
优势:( p! Q3 a. F+ C$ t4 t, Q
·当今世界唯一的“超级大国”- R4 z3 t0 G! A& M# m* H
·到2040年会成为世界第二大经济体,约30万亿美元9 }! b' k, v4 C: t* p. U: w$ V4 \
·排名第三的人口大国,在2040年约有3.75亿人口,是世界上最大的中产阶级市场之一。2 [& a8 e8 f. V  c
* -人口排名中不包括欧盟和东盟这样的联盟。
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4 R5 R" E2 P# I5 z! h6 C·广阔的军事网络和军工综合体,数百个国际军事基地,拥有蓝水海军、先进的特种部队、装备精良的军事人员,拥有众多技术领先的军事承包商、航空航天制造商(波音、洛克希德·马丁)和科技企业(思科)。0 X* ^$ y0 V/ ~7 m9 c; P
·日渐增强的网络力量、大型间谍网(CIA、NSA)、环境科技、(硅谷、苹果、谷歌、Facebook)等
; j% D9 W. S& \, Z·好莱坞、影院环境,引领世界的影响力和软实力' v  h7 F2 q- |! p

- G  Q2 ]. N9 h; r" a& x; d* [3 S+ c·du立的核武器国家
9 ]' e2 T+ Z7 N5 x' q. A3 o·世界排名前十的银行(如目前的排名第六的摩根大通和第九的美国银行)以及领先的金融中心(纽约)
7 P" H" n# L( d: j# }·世界主要交易货币: 美元
5 P# P# x9 n# {! X, Z. `·联合国安理会常任理事国
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·Geographic Defences - Southern Deserts, Weak Neighbours, Two* Oceans (Atlantic, Pacific) either side, Mild Mountain Ranges.
' P) T$ ^: x0 }also the Arctic ocean, however, this only applies to Alaska4 y. _& q$ d5 y7 Y
·Geographic Advantages - Large arable land basin, by the Mississippi River, large deposits of resources such as Oil and Copper.
" ]! q& e7 Y) A5 C$ E+ W·4th Largest Country in Land Area (disputed with China for 3rd)
1 ^/ F) A, m1 @* h. U0 n·Large Diplomacy Network with NATO and OECD etc  f! O& h# l$ D7 S5 S5 j- D, p5 ~
·Cemented National Identity through Constitutional Rights and Freedoms: |& Y2 G) w3 m5 m/ a
Risks
, k( l5 B# t/ A  V) v) x·No Longer has World ‘Hegemony’ in 2040
7 ~6 p+ m; D# M* {6 r- {·Flawed Democracy - Fragile Democratic Environment, causing the populace to lose faith in institutions and susceptible to radical elements and sudden changes in policy.
. Y# l& U+ N; l& E: z, Y·Current isolationist policy - Can lead to long term diplomatic damage as allies distance from the U.S. and U.S’ reputation scarred.
9 S3 o* F  O% F9 m3 @·Outdated Infrastructure and Rising Inequality( b# C1 L3 B& r/ x
·Interference in Foreign States - May temporarily harm relations with other states. among others; K1 X: x4 D( E0 T  e3 G
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地理防御-南部沙漠,弱小的邻居,两侧的两个大洋(大西洋、太平洋),中型的山脉。9 m' N! N% Q" S
还有北冰洋,但这只适用于阿拉斯加
: s6 R. x3 @9 Z) E* _·地理优势-密西西比河流域可耕地面积大,石油、铜等资源储量大。
2 B  Q* t% h( W2 s2 c4 e·陆地面积第四大国(与中国争夺第三)
1 H1 G" k( l1 W# R, G7 S& c·通过北约、经合组织等建立大型外交网络2 ^6 D8 D+ g, m0 [1 g( {: k' e& a2 z9 q
·通过宪法赋予的权利和自由巩固国家认同
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5 N& w% c: V6 ~7 M' T* p风险:! g+ F; n- z" n4 i# _" ]+ ]! O# W
·2040年不再拥有世界“霸权”- M2 P- h7 t9 }$ {1 ], W3 ]) X
·有缺陷的民主——脆弱的民主环境,导致民众对制度失去信心,易受激进因素和政策突变的影响。
  I! q- H  r% x- ~% H  n4 {·当前的孤立主义政策——可能导致长期的外交损害,致使盟友远离美国。以往积累的声誉伤痕累累。, [0 V5 k3 {' r  D
·基础设施落后,社会不平等加剧。
+ L9 Y* z/ |  J  L7 ~; u, U·干涉外国事务——可能会暂时损害与其他国家的关系。等等。
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Republic of India% f0 W( O# l+ K  H' ~
Fulfilments$ R) ^- }0 {- p5 M* S. [# `% ^  ^
·3rd / 4th* Largest World Economy in 2040, around $17 Trillion
* F4 @6 a1 F) }0 w: \% [. e2 R* - EU would be 3rd, ahead of India if counted together (estimation).# _/ H. U3 E7 J  ?/ y, a
·Largest World Population in 2040, around 1.6 Billion.5 r. q) q8 z, L* y/ ?+ l' s' \- v( E
Currently, has a Large Active Military, around 1.4 Million Personnel and potential for a Blue-Water Navy.) ~: n. l  t8 s: e) l( G) ^
Growing I.T. Sector
/ x9 o6 L. b% X, r- j: ?·Independent Nuclear Weapon State0 i+ `) z+ F  X- q2 m5 P( S6 r
·United Nations Security Council Permanent Seat Contender*
$ |) A) P, g/ [' N# K- f3 L* ?4 Y7 tHighly considered as a candidate for a UNSC Permanent Seat alongside Japan, Germany and Brazil, to achieve this, it would either become an Additional Seat (UNSC Expands) or Replaces a Current Seat Holder. However, such changes require huge reform within the UN.
9 X/ r! Y6 f# x·Bollywood produces the most films in the world and has a lucrative domestic and growing international market.
0 b5 ]6 }  p. y: _: C! Z·Geographic Defences - Himalayas, Indian Ocean and Western deserts etc.
0 P7 \, v5 `7 W; w- p5 m5 @# Q·Geographic Advantages - Large River Systems such as the Ganges.) ?% w$ e: ~* n- b7 h/ {/ q
·7th Largest Country in Land Area( u) w% Y3 t" X: n% w# @
·Cemented National Identity through Colonial Struggle and Religion (to some extent).
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印度共和国+ Z3 j. V3 f1 [
优势:  }3 ~, c" K0 N6 P: N# @& |
·2040年世界第三或第四大经济体,经济规模约17万亿美元。* C" q" b% Q/ e& m+ ^
* -如果欧洲算在一起,欧盟将排在第三,超过印度(估计)。# m3 |( r! E. A( Y* s% p' p
·2040年世界排名中人口最多,约16亿。
: {+ H: R: ~$ k: s+ Q目前,拥有一支庞大的现役军队,约140万人,有潜力成为一支蓝水海军。% \2 c0 ?; V4 [$ ~* u
·越来越多的IT公司( n6 N5 a  L3 y1 A  k/ d, y
·du立的核武器国家
/ B& t- @5 j" s* R4 y1 @; o' f·联合国安理会常任理事国竞争者5 D" Y- @0 S7 w3 M6 `
% ~' D* A8 J- c
*与日本、德国和巴西一起被认为是联合国安理会常任理事国的候选国家,为了实现这一目标,它要么争夺一个额外的席位(联合国安理会扩大),要么取代现有的席位。然而,这些变化需要联合国内部进行巨大的改革。
  L9 l/ ], N$ s) Z8 U. h- x3 a·宝莱坞制作了世界上最多的电影,拥有利润丰厚的国内市场和不断增长的国际市场。. Q+ v6 K9 X- V0 W& v
·地理防御-喜马拉雅山脉、印度洋和西部沙漠等。
8 T) B# e8 z& t0 t; c" M$ ]8 Q: U·地理优势-恒河等大型河流系统。
! B( X: W& @9 o. b·陆地面积居世界第七。, R* ]3 b' g) o9 ^
·通过殖民斗争和宗教(在一定程度上)巩固了国家认同。
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& B+ Q1 V3 n( l2 p; mRisks
9 ~) d/ p0 @& S- c9 L·Bordered by a Hostile Nuclear State, Pakistan and an Uneasy Nuclear State, China.% u/ H% k( \  M) l0 x, Q
·Poverty9 {0 t2 B7 D8 ?/ z
·Outdated Infrastructure4 C9 {6 h) s0 X& E8 H7 R
·Relies on Allies for Military Hardware# K9 w4 J4 `0 _4 d* }
·Restricted Sphere of Influence, surrounded by other powers.6 F0 ?8 K# w. ?! g! J: }$ f1 T
·Intellectual drain, the emigration of high skilled Indians to other countries (such as the US).among others
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风险
8 J0 q$ V4 [, B: e; e·与敌对的核国家巴基斯坦和核国家中国接壤。' ?3 \! A& S0 h* V
·贫困
1 S5 c! ]* \. `" l$ U- n' |# M·过时的基础设施
  o7 T* Q0 D3 W$ E7 R; c6 T·依靠盟国提供军事装备5 J0 e3 f8 F0 R& z5 n5 Y! J6 F/ A& P
·势力范围受到限制,被其他势力包围。
- z! W4 v9 H8 h  D1 y3 e, @·人才外流,高技能印度人移民到其他国家(如美国)。等等。: d* L) b* m- m7 d

7 z5 p$ R4 V1 p1 o5 p7 y6 aEuropean unx (EU)
- A' H- k* ]  ?% p8 r& O3 e: U4 wCurrently considers the 27 member states, however, more countries may potentially join or leave in the future.2 ~1 i; r7 p; y1 c7 Q5 N$ ~# ]7 J; k6 }# l
EDIT: This answer was made while the United Kingdom was a member, some figures may include the UK, however, such a gap can be potentially made up from the other EU candidate countries." @! F, i2 y( L4 k
Fulfilments
/ `" B; v: c) Z) L# D·Regarded as the Second Column of ‘Western Civilization’ therefore has power in certain affairs with the US.6 n7 y/ r" i% ~7 H: }5 O; ^& y4 }
·Third Largest World Economy by 2040, around $28 Trillion, when considered as one, based on EU Commission Scenarios, subject to change.: b8 l! D3 h7 R7 Y" q
·Leading Populated unx, one of the largest Middle-Class Markets in the World.- i6 ]) l- i  w+ `+ V8 w
3rd when not Including ASEAN, 4th otherwise.
" Y; ~7 q4 Z! S% K6 l" n1 P4 t$ eEither: 720 Million Humans in 2040 when all of Europe (continent) is accounted forOr: 500 Million Humans in 2040, when only 28 (2019) members are accounted for.* v' S, c# H/ B

0 d9 Q1 w  E& r4 F欧盟# N7 R# j. W) |- ~; ^. _) L& T
目前讨论时它有27个成员国,然而,将来可能会有更多的国家加入或离开。, z) H9 k$ ^. `% J$ M2 H
编辑: 这个答案是在英国还是欧盟成员的时候做出的,一些数字可能包括英国在内,然而,这样的差距可以从其他欧盟候选国潜在地弥补。
- q9 O- J0 q0 k0 U( P优势:0 U" ]* l& t9 N
·被视为“西方文明”的第二把交椅,因此在某些事务上比美国有势力。
3 c* t4 L4 X+ d$ ]
0 p3 J; [4 M( f2 G. v9 @% r9 V' h·到2040年,会是世界第三大经济体,大约28万亿美元,如果按照欧盟委员会的设想,这一数字可能会发生变化。
' P0 E8 ?' D9 |; e' l  j5 p·领先的人口密集型联盟,世界上最大的中产阶级市场之一。9 L4 T9 W6 {9 W
不包括东盟时位列第三,否则第四。
6 D, C" ]! z/ ?+ x3 n- T或者: 到2040年,当所有欧洲大陆的人口都被计算在内时,会达到7.2亿人; 再或者: 到2040年,当只有28个成员国被计算在内时,达到5亿人。1 I2 w: z8 D' ^) S* D9 H* q8 _" x
+ I  Q) @! D! {0 O
·Contains leading militaries (France) and Military-Industrial Complex, Military Bases Internationally, Has a Blue-Water navy member (France), Advanced Special Forces (France, Germany), Highly Equipped Military Personnel, Holds Many Leading Military Contractors, Aerospace Manufacturers (Airbus, Dassault) and Tech Enterprises (Ericsson, Nokia).. ?1 s) l- `/ J  J
·Increasing Cyberforce, Large Espionage networks and Tech Start-UpEnvironment.
4 V: K' {1 o9 a5 `( Q·Eurocinema, Europop, Cinema Culture, Leading to Influence and Soft Power through Music, Film (International and Domestic), and Literature.5 c5 \$ @( ^: q: G9 O
·Contains a Nuclear Weapon State (France), and has Member States in NATO.
" P% Y9 U$ x& K4 c) y·Largest Banks in the World (such as current 7th BNP Paribas (France), and 10th Credit Agricole Group (France)), and multiple significant Financial and Services centres, (Frankfurt, Paris, Amsterdam, Luxembourg, Dublin etc.)
9 C( t: k# n; V5 X+ F9 q3 U·Leading trading currency, Euro (EUR)$ N: `: O& y  s

) X8 }" n0 W3 R$ E5 n2 ~2 M. q·拥有世界领先的军队(法国)和军工复合体,国际化的军事基地,拥有蓝水海军成员(法国),先进的特种部队(法国,德国),装备精良的军事人员,拥有许多领先的军事承包商,航空航天制造商(空中客车,达索)和科技企业(爱立信,诺基亚)。2 t2 e  w* {0 J& O! k2 H; h
·日益增强的网络力量、大型间谍网络和技术初创环境。
: @: u4 R/ [3 g·欧洲电影、欧洲流行音乐、电影文化,通过音乐、电影(国际和国内)和文学,拥有着引导世界的影响力和软实力。/ O4 U- n! s" @, g5 I. e
·拥有核武器国家(法国),并拥有北约成员国。: |' U3 x! M1 ?9 ~1 H" n$ \
·世界上排名前十的银行(如目前的排名第七的法国巴黎银行和排名第十的法国农业信贷集团),以及多个重要的金融和服务中心(法兰克福、巴黎、阿姆斯特丹、卢森堡、都柏林等)。: Z. A3 v! r( Q1 g
·领先的交易货币:欧元  p4 I8 c  v1 X4 G2 y
3 L: q: c: ~% @& }0 H  x
Using purely economic predictions, 5th place goes to# I. [4 x) a9 t( d9 q5 W
Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) / Republic of Indonesia2 \5 l9 {) H) \9 E2 N+ k
Indonesia can be a ‘superpower’ contender in its own right, however, on the World Stage, a United ASEAN can wield more power.
8 i5 e& b8 z6 Q- a0 i  r6 bFulfilments0 r/ c; ?9 B' ?
·5th Largest World Economy by 2040, around $8 Trillion (including EU in ranking)0 c0 e7 _: r1 {8 s9 a8 V& P
Indonesia Alone - around $4.5 Trillion in 2040, between 4th and 9thwhen not including EU and ASEAN.、8 r$ C' v; B$ G3 ^; u* p7 g/ v8 a
·Leading Populated unx, Around 765 Million Humans in 2040, more than the EU and 3rd overall if regarded as one.
! ~/ l& X: j* a! p+ ]' z3 ~Indonesia Alone, around 312 Million Humans in 2040, 5th (behind Nigeria) when EU, Europe and ASEAN not included.
3 Q# ?0 Y' U, _& I9 ?4 {·Large Militaries of Members, trained in harsh environments such as Jungles. When combined, has millions of Active Personnel
) F2 O/ t& W: E! M  ]" S, [Indonesia Alone has around 400,000 Active Personnel
4 F3 j) G: X" N7 s$ h' `8 d·Potential to be a Nuclear Weapon State
( ^1 \7 P, B6 h% _+ q& iSame applies to Indonesia* [. U2 w% m: r# w& A) h
9 @; a. n0 J2 `! w5 }
从纯粹的经济预测来看,世界排名第五的是/ e) j% a- A% Y/ o2 J
东南亚国家联盟(东盟)或者印度尼西亚共和国8 b# b& i3 U! J  {% T8 ^6 W  k
印度尼西亚可以凭借自己的实力成为“超级大国”的竞争者,然而,在世界舞台上,一个团结的东盟可以行使更多的权力。5 H' @8 b+ M$ u, q
优势:, S* c% b& a8 }, M1 n& c' g4 ^
·到2040年成为世界第五大经济体,约8万亿美元(排名包括欧盟在内)7 P% ~2 |7 r$ K8 z4 N2 _
单是印度尼西亚,2040年经济规模就有4.5万亿美元,如果不包括欧盟和东盟,它的排名将在第4到第9之间。  J- Q' `$ j5 i$ j4 e9 u1 o

' O# p$ F2 ]5 R6 Q: k1 j·联盟人口,2040年约有7.65亿人口,超过欧盟,如果被视为一个整体将排名第三。! W: U5 ]% k) n. Z  O# m
仅印度尼西亚的话,2040年约有3.12亿人口,排名不包括欧盟和东盟的话位于世界第5位(仅次于尼日利亚)。# |( b1 j8 E! z* g; P) Y4 m
·庞大的军队,在丛林等恶劣环境中训练。合并后,拥有数百万军事人员; F$ Q8 _/ S5 z
仅印度尼西亚就有大约40万名的现役军队。: i; R$ m! V+ [) P" b1 f
·有可能成为拥有核武器的国家
8 o4 W/ B* ]. N( `这同样适用于印度尼西亚
  A1 e! A; v8 J- q1 w
% p+ n6 C- C$ z6 [·Leading Financial Centre (Singapore)9 Y4 v7 x+ J. o+ w4 J
·Could Contend for a United Nations Security Council Permanent Seat. ]( o+ E7 H' |1 }! a
·Geographic Defences - Oceans, Seas, Strait of Malacca, Rainforest and Jungle environment etc.
% D2 ^2 j' P8 V2 ?, m·Geographic Advantages - Large land area for plantations# J3 s! x4 _3 p: p# ^
·7th Largest Land Area, ahead of India, behind Australia, with 4.5 million sq km, not including the EU.# e4 K8 X& |. ~  _# a1 l
Indonesia Alone is 14th with 1.9 Million sq km.
0 o% @5 X. k1 r; L" ~·Cemented National Identity through History and Colonial Struggle.  j2 M) Z( |! M& ], Y
! k. k2 l" h2 ^) m9 t6 H
·领先的金融中心(新加坡)
$ F7 t2 }/ y# A) \0 n6 [* S* L·可以争取联合国安理会常任理事国席位
# D0 ]9 {+ a+ u- O$ Q·地理防御-海洋、马六甲海峡、热带雨林、丛林环境等。
0 ^3 E. R* p: J+ t" d·地理优势-农作物种植面积大2 Q: O* Q9 [5 D4 T3 R2 X5 D
·陆地面积第七大,领先于印度,落后于澳大利亚,占地450万平方公里,排名不包括欧盟。
, i/ V3 q$ g4 ^" m& i0 ]2 }4 U& O仅印度尼西亚就以190万平方公里的面积排在世界第14位。
" f1 z+ l( ?9 ?8 u, U# ~8 @& c·通过历史和殖民斗争巩固国家认同。0 V, W8 h" O8 _+ g9 f& ]  i2 p
! {% F. }+ j2 D; P
Risks% J) E1 G  u; g, \7 Q! V
·Archipelago - Hard to Control but also Hard to Take Over for Enemies. Little opportunities to build infrastructure to connect all parts of the countries.8 R$ e  m# \% N9 v' A) y
Same applies to Indonesia, being an archipelago makes constructing infrastructure between islands hard and with an active fault line.
  ^8 K- q! y0 [# j7 C·Bordering Superpowers - ASEAN sits in between 3 spheres of Influence, to the North there is China, to the West, there’s India and to the South and East is the US and allied-Australia. Making it hard for ASEAN to carve its own sphere of influence.
! F+ }, o) i( ]2 @3 t" l·Internal Political Differences - Each ASEAN member still have a lot of control over their foreign policy, leading to differing opinions, one nation may be improving relations with China (Philippines) whereas another may improve relations with the U.S. (Vietnam). One nation may be persecuting Muslims (Myanmar), another is Muslim (Indonesia) and these small differences, as well as larger ones, can undermine ASEAN and cause it to fracture if nothing is done.among others
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风险
6 \+ w& y* ?0 q5 x, K% M+ ?群岛很难控制,但也很难被敌人接管。几乎没有机会建立基础设施来连接这些国家的各个部分。4 T: q$ Q4 J4 ^1 V+ M
这同样适用于印度尼西亚,作为一个群岛,在岛屿之间建设基础设施非常困难,而且有一条活跃的地震带。
9 G& H& Y5 O9 P( M·与超级大国接壤——东盟位于三个世界强大势力之间,北面是中国,西面是印度,南面和东面是美国和盟友澳大利亚。这使得东盟很难形成自己的势力范围。! t, {0 ~: h; j! j' {9 ]. J9 l
·内部政治分歧-每个东盟成员国仍然对其外交政策有很大的控制权,导致意见分歧,一个国家(菲律宾)可能会改善与中国的关系,而另一个国家(越南)可能会改善与美国的关系。一个国家(缅甸)可能会迫害穆斯林,另一个则是穆斯林国家(印度尼西亚),这些小的差异,以及其他更大的差异,都可能破坏东盟,如果不采取任何措施,最终将导致东盟破裂。等等。
* i. p* ?, t3 H9 v  K5 v
+ P! g8 X; I9 t2 j5 [8 _* yThe Federative Republic of Brazil
9 D' ~2 }- h/ o' w* ?  {A Pan-South/Latin American unx can also be considered, however, no sole organization has yet managed to achieve full South American support. Therefore, will not be considered.& N6 W! `5 o5 U* l* a# W  \, u
Fulfilments
5 r& T- |' _+ q- G2 d·~8th* Largest World Economy in 2040, Around $4 Trillion
" O& r! r6 a, E9 b1 X2 P4 l8 x0 z* - 6th when not including EU and ASEAN. Behind Japan.
7 B/ X- D% P2 Z, G. x0 t7 ~+ n·Substantial Populated Country, Largest in South / Latin America, Around 236 Million Humans
* y1 l4 O3 N0 a( m4 l3 t·Has Potential for a Large Active Military, and Potential for a Blue-Water Navy.
, P6 E. H4 r; D' d9 R·Potential to be an Independent Nuclear Weapon State
3 Q3 P1 ^: l8 t+ D·United Nations Security Council Permanent Seat Contender*0 {  q9 {/ O8 {" B) l: }6 U
Highly Considered as a Candidate for a UNSC Permanent Seat alongside Japan, Germany and India.+ f  W( L2 p8 N  @8 i' t5 E) w
·Geographic Defences - Amazon Rainforest, Atlantic Ocean and Mountains etc./ K. e3 A; C2 l. n9 Q( K
·Geographic Advantages - Large River Systems such as the Amazon.
. H+ u+ x; s6 a& |·5th Largest Country in Total Area, with 8.5 million sq km, many of which are newly arable.
, D8 ^! h- M& i* v- t5 b·Cemented National Identity through Language and Colonial Struggle
" f$ k! W' x8 P4 r; q" D+ f  z/ o0 r* E$ c- x% K3 w
巴西联邦共和国
- r- z& q2 R, T; U9 `也可以考虑建立一个泛南或泛拉丁美洲联盟,但是,还没有一个单独的组织能够得到全南美洲的充分支持。因此,不予考虑。# S( Z+ Q% G* G4 `
优势:4 f7 F: B9 X: w% u
·2040年世界第八大经济体,约4万亿美元
1 ~( X8 e) s: a. a* 在不包括欧盟和东盟的情况下排名第六。在日本之下。, n1 p1 ~# [/ h2 a0 U/ p
·人口众多的国家,最大的南美洲国家,人口约2.36亿。7 B, h/ I3 f* O: P

3 s& I- M0 W+ C3 C·具有大规模的现役军事力量和成为蓝水海军的潜力。2 R, Q% d6 p* Q) x# O8 U: k
·有可能成为一个du立的拥核国家1 p: G  a( e6 [9 k* }* k/ p6 j
·联合国安理会常任理事国竞争者*
* i* o( J' X( @% f  w- ?; c与日本、德国和印度一起被认为是联合国安理会常任理事国的候选国。9 s! B, Z) ?. S8 x- T  k4 ^
·地理防御——亚马逊雨林、大西洋、山脉等7 v$ a& L* Y0 p  F6 [  }1 d% {
·地理优势——亚马逊河等大型水系。
; _+ R4 y# j9 a! {+ a' j/ T, R  S·面积850万平方公里,是世界第五大国家,其中许多是新开垦的耕地。" o8 f7 k: {7 Z. Q
·通过语言和殖民斗争巩固国家认同5 e9 u% [7 {4 E; G& T9 M

/ k7 P8 [: N! L0 V3 @: sRisks
0 @/ M0 u8 e; n: v: x·Crime Issues and Related to the Drug Market; ^( j% L* f; h3 L( v
·Internal Corruption( s& d- X8 @1 O; K8 G& i& m0 M
·Poverty+ k* w) X7 m9 D1 I! V
·Little Infrastructure for Certain Parts of Brazilamong others
) y4 Q8 Q; [; ~  O; G/ @- k
% D1 D  q+ N9 D* k4 N$ ]风险, J0 Z4 [, T, k$ `- n$ @
·大量的与du品市场有关的犯罪问题0 B% {# y: A# a( Z( Y4 m; [8 E5 D1 f
·政府内部腐败
6 T7 i5 A. Z( }& m# _% h·贫困) Q: s& t+ v8 H, F' q! T* E
·巴西某些地区基础设施不足
: m- J  V" e8 `6 w( t2 ~
! i4 s, ]5 N- r' I$ f5 gRussian Federation
$ w. L) j0 E- u* X7 IFulfilments
6 {& s3 x; c1 j' _/ h·~10th* Largest World Economy in 2040, Around $3 Trillion**
4 E- {1 \9 D9 M# u) S* B5 Q4 r$ _*not including EU and ASEAN but including Indonesia, UK and Germany. So 9th when EU and ASEAN included and Indonesia, UK and Germany repositioned.- B- ]+ R$ T8 m) Y- G
·Substantial Populated Country, Largest in Europe as an Individual State, around 133 Million Humans
' {. ~1 n" v. Q·Large Active Military, and Potential for a Blue-Water Navy, Advanced Special Forces, Highly Equipped Military Personnel, Leading Aircraft Manufacturing. Leading Cyberforce.
, Y' H) H: L+ Y$ J  [: b, w8 n·Largest Independent Nuclear Weapons State
- n" }, `# e4 [- _- z( \& H·United Nations Security Council Permanent Seat! y( `1 J! a; |& E. f4 q& K
·Geographic Defences - Winter climate, Siberia, Arctic Ocean and Mountains etc.
. G. U6 a9 b+ {' }5 M1 e·Geographic Advantages - Large River Systems such as the Volga, Large deposits of minerals and resources such as gas and oil, either on land or in the Arctic ocean.' F8 g0 q/ S$ j' a/ r, L9 s
·Largest Country in Total Area, with 17 million sq km, many of which are newly arable due to Global Warming. An abundance of Natural Gas and other Raw Resources.
; e# J) m# J5 u·Geographically located in newly opening international sea routes due to Global Warming.  ~2 m. z9 J1 Z8 i" }' e7 K3 y
·Cemented National Identity through History, and National Pride
% S! Y0 s! |% m0 c8 x3 V, v; u6 j2 m3 [# O5 T& k0 V& t5 k& G, c
俄罗斯联邦
" e# q, {1 u$ _+ k优势:
' Y6 i! h6 {! V. _1 k5 P·到2040年将成为世界第十大经济体,经济规模大约3万亿美元
0 I& \6 `7 Q3 X. Q6 F*排名时不包括欧盟和东盟,但包括印尼、英国和德国。所以当欧盟和东盟包括在内时,印尼,英国和德国的排名也将重新定位。
- Y$ a( D2 n6 {0 Q·人口众多的国家,欧洲最大的du立国家,约1.33亿人3 ^* P7 c; V4 G9 R
·拥有庞大的现役军队,成为蓝水海军的潜力,先进的特种部队,装备精良的军事人员,领先的飞机制造。" v/ {! k; G& q* n9 ~8 D/ f
·拥有世界上最大的核武库
& B1 R. h: T, t3 ?# H3 ]5 m3 W9 v" z
·联合国安理会常任理事国
" z6 M1 ]' Z9 r5 o" Z7 Q( K1 c·地理防御-冬季气候、西伯利亚、北冰洋和山脉等$ |6 G9 A8 Q' m5 Z, F9 N6 h. q
·地理优势-大型河流系统,如伏尔加河,大量的矿藏和资源,如天然气和石油,无论是在陆地上还是在北冰洋上。
( F' W, C1 r0 M! r+ N6 d. S. C·世界上国土面积最大的国家,有1700万平方公里,其中很多是由于全球变暖而新增的耕地。有丰富的天然气和其他原始资源。
# B$ w, n" h0 [& g·由于全球变暖,地理位置位于新开通的国际航线上。; i; f5 L/ s% _& _
·通过历史巩固国家身份和民族自豪感
  B+ l# h2 o1 n: _9 j& |
" q+ J- f2 p1 {. }/ y6 D( RRisks. K$ v; \' X2 E4 u- X& e! v
·Authoritarianism, and a Flawed Democracy leading to a chance of revolt and instability.. s% z' @% d- l- |( {
·Foreign Intervention and Sanctioned - Conducted Cyber-Warfare and accused of meddling in Western Democracies, leading to soured relations with the West, however, it keeps Russia’s enemies at bay. Invaded Ukraine for Crimea (ensuring a warm water port) and supporting Russian Separatists in Ukraine leading to Ukrainian Instability and Western Sanctions.9 O3 _2 b( b5 W: o" E2 i
·Lack of warm water ports, limiting their naval capabilities/ n5 v% f- V! m$ b% u
·Ageing Population, currently in decline$ Z" {- y2 i+ N9 k  [
·Internal Corruption
0 m4 l1 a& V0 m. i; Z4 s·Poverty9 _0 |) t% Y8 j' f& W
·Little Infrastructure for Certain Parts of Russiaamong others
4 J  e# P; u. \1 D6 e0 p) ?- ]1 N1 W( H. Y; j. D
风险:4 ?+ f0 t. d0 B+ ~
·威权主义,以及有缺陷的民主,导致国内可能发生叛乱和不稳定。% h# n. ~# y* l+ N6 l
·外国干预和制裁——进行网络战,被指干预西方民主国家内政,导致与西方关系恶化,然而,它使俄罗斯的敌人陷入困境。入侵乌克兰的克里米亚(为确保有一个不冻港)和支持乌克兰的俄罗斯分裂分子导致乌克兰的不稳定和西方制裁。) [4 b8 L+ j4 r1 E+ E9 m  p1 M/ l7 j
·缺少不冻港,限制了他们的海军实力( L6 V- |1 ~3 o
·人口老龄化严重,目前人口总体呈下降趋势
6 }- N1 M. h1 @/ }/ U0 m# ^9 h+ q4 V·政府内部腐败  N5 h  ]# X/ U, {5 K2 V- S" X- Q
·贫困/ c% _3 v3 e6 @3 S! y
·俄罗斯某些地区基础设施不足
5 h0 P( m- A5 K$ d/ k0 t$ V
! }9 Y- N. t; Q4 _7 cTechnology
0 h9 m% L% ^2 P7 \( N; z) oCountries not listed, like Japan, South Korea, Canada, European Countries and Israel can be considered more powerful in terms of Technology as many of these countries lead in different fields of tech, for example, Canada in A.I. and UK in Semi-conductors.
4 R; b; L0 q. L4 G6 XIt is unclear whether, in 2040, these powers will stay.
, u) W3 V6 b, v- eSoft Power, Influence and Culture
9 N6 |( U/ M' S8 E$ m! E, P) mCountries not listed, like Canada, European Countries, South Korea, Japan and Australia can also be considered influential.
, y9 w& L1 _8 q; V" }" x1 zIt is unclear whether, in 2040, these powers will stay.
) ~. F2 M+ K' h1 r) HLivability, Happiness, Life Expectancy etc.' E$ t9 H& d1 a, A: E. N
Countries not listed like Australia, Norway, Iceland, Denmark, Finland, Sweden, Canada, New Zealand, Japan, South Korea and France could be considered leaders in these regards.- Z$ s% _8 V' t2 d" s4 B# }3 H/ {
It is unclear whether, in 2040, these powers will stay.2 g  [* i! x; t# q4 e
Education
& M) M; {2 n8 F2 t0 r1 tCountries not listed like Singapore, Finland, Japan and South Korea can be considered leaders in regard to their PISA scores and their approaches to education leading to increased innovation, expertise and productivity to some extent.
! N: r- A; A* LIt is unclear whether, in 2040, these powers will stay.
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6 o4 {1 G  J- {3 U5 G! ]技术* p7 ^" w! @6 Z" J" u& n0 Y
像日本、韩国、加拿大、欧洲国家和以色列这些没有被列出的国家在技术方面可以被认为是更强大的,因为这些国家都在不同的技术领域处于领先地位,例如,加拿大的人工智能领域和英国的半导体领域。: u/ [" Z. V+ P3 e% O' b
目前还不清楚这些国家是否会在2040年继续存在。
9 n+ P! _+ D! ^# b/ }! k: J软实力、影响力和文化6 P4 `/ C2 _0 u! F) l; n2 ?
没有上榜的国家,如加拿大、欧洲国家、韩国、日本和澳大利亚,也可以被认为是有国际影响力的国家。
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# v$ b* F6 f5 E7 G宜居性,幸福感,预期寿命等。! H$ s# g4 a' @% q5 C0 Y, Z$ Z
澳大利亚、挪威、冰岛、丹麦、芬兰、瑞典、加拿大、新西兰、日本、韩国和法国等未上榜的国家可以被认为是这方面的领导者。
+ ~- `) F1 ?5 H3 ~教育
4 U0 T, o: M% j; p4 k- X$ h5 C新加坡、芬兰、日本和韩国等未被列入榜单的国家,在PISA分数和教育方法方面可以被认为是领先国家,这些教育方法在一定程度上提高了国民的创新能力、专业技能和生产力。
5 l# }# W9 G# X3 y4 C目前还不清楚这些国家是否会在2040年继续存在。
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Achal Gautam, Interntional Relations Observer: M: m; K& R7 K. l: l
·USA - Most likely USA will remain as the number one power in next 20–25 years. America is far ahead in terms of military technology and military budget. And this is not going to change any time soon.
/ f$ Q$ u- V$ C1 E·China - China may overtake Russia as the second most powerful military action in next 20 years. It’s economy is booming and leadership is inclined to project power beyond its neighborhood.
5 L& R- U2 l, `·Russia - Russia may still be among top three power in 2040 due to its legacy of nuclear power and advanced military technology. The economy is weak and this may cause ousted for Russia to maintain a large and powerful army.
1 ?1 R# Q/ N' s9 a' z6 r7 T0 A·India - Another emerging power (currently ranked as no.4 in Global Firepower Ranking) which has a huge potential. A booming economy and rivalry with two nuclear neighbors (China and Pakistan) keeps Indian military on the edge., M, |  a7 _& S" f- t
·France - France is still a middle ranked global power. It’s economy is doing good and has high living standard. France is the only western nation apart from USA to have its own fighter, tank, submarine, aircraft building projects. This gives France an edge to many other nations (including Britain) and France is also a nuclear power. Even China has just purchased fighters from Russia.6 d9 s' {% V0 _/ P1 G# a
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·美国——美国很有可能在未来20-25年内依旧保持世界第一的地位。美国在军事技术和军事预算方面遥遥领先。这在短期内是不会改变的。
3 L( H5 U- |- M2 i8 h& B1 t5 X·中国——中国可能在未来20年内超过俄罗斯,成为第二大军事强国。它的经济正在蓬勃发展,领导层倾向于向周边地区以外投射力量。# O5 }% ^+ j* b' ^% G: u" K( t1 m
·俄罗斯——俄罗斯在2040年可能仍然位于世界前三强,由于其继承的核武库和先进的军事技术。但它的经济疲软,这可能导致俄罗斯难以维持一支庞大而强大的军队。
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9 p% o6 `/ y, t+ |9 R- E·印度——另一个新兴大国(目前发展速度排名第一)在全球军事排名中排名第四,有巨大的潜力。蓬勃发展的经济和与两个核邻国(中国和巴基斯坦)的竞争使印度军队一直处于紧张状态。
& V+ r; M. A4 o" M4 u·法国——法国仍然是世界中等强国。它的经济状况很好,生活水平很高。法国是除美国之外唯一拥有自己的战斗机、坦克、潜艇和飞机制造项目的西方国家。这使法国比许多其他国家(包括英国)有优势,而且法国也是一个核大国。甚至中国也需要从俄罗斯购买战斗机。8 d: a6 r1 D+ S% \, l- ?
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Sheila Davis
* G$ K% N; {% [8 v" r, i( G0 W+ cIf the Earth remains as is 20 years from now - the same superpowers that are enforced now will be then. It is extremely hard for a country to become a superpower - when the superpowers in charge will make sure that they don''t.  {1 G6 C( T$ D- [, A6 B, C; N
In order for it to change there would have to be a disasterous war between any of the superpowers or they blow themselves up or a pandemic runs through killing hundreds of millions or the earth herself erupts in a way that can''t be escaped. And there''s always the possibility of a meteorite - large enough to cause extreme damage. For another superpower to rise -one or some of the ones in power now has to fall.6 b( H+ @) M& d4 z' A2 R

: e! ~+ \7 s" p$ Q如果地球保持现状发展20年——到那时必然会成为超级大国的国家会是哪个呢。一个国家要想成为超级大国是极其困难的,因为掌权的超级大国会确保自己的潜在威胁者不能成为超级大国。
* ]! k. c& s& u* \/ U1 \/ e要让这种情况发生变化,就必须有一场毁灭性的战争发生在超级大国之间,或者他们发动核战引爆自己,或者是一场病毒大流行造成数亿人死亡,或者地球本身以一种无法逃脱的方式毁灭,而陨石坠落是有可能大到足以造成极端的破坏。要想让另一个超级大国崛起,当今的一个或几个大国必然会衰落。
0 m( A, ~% y! `9 ?! x: D+ p$ M) H/ {0 p) F5 p$ x9 @  X4 v0 G9 `
Greg King, studied at Jean Monnet University
! m! p0 n+ M; y1 k' F) Ivery interesting
9 y4 I9 m4 J! P5 Y8 |china and the usa
1 s. s+ U. i+ @0 `) t9 g. C$ \russia is the worlds largest country by land mass and has huge resources so they might take 3rd, A* V: u  ?! G3 G7 K
the eu isnt technically a country but if it were it would be a super power
+ i5 l+ V* O) X, q, l- F! W: U3 o4 F! X$ dIndia has a chance but needs some major reforms it will be the most populous country by 2040
  S. x6 q$ Z& ~2 L4 I* N) g6 KIndonesia nigeria pakistan and brazil will also be some of the largest populations but this has to be translated into economic performance and they have a long long long way to go
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这个问题非常有趣,3 P. i, f% F2 [
中国和美国是毫无疑问的
, n+ o" J! W. q. U! a俄罗斯是世界上国土面积最大的国家,拥有巨大的资源储备,所以他们可能排在第三位
; F) T8 y( z* b- p从技术上讲,欧盟不是一个国家,但如果它是,它将是一个超级大国。4 P/ w0 x5 ]5 L4 }2 E3 D
印度有机会,但还需要一些重大改革。到2040年,印度将成为人口最多的国家。
1 z6 @2 `9 r+ A0 w印度尼西亚、尼日利亚、巴基斯坦和巴西也将是人口最多的国家之一,但要把人口红利转化为实际的经济表现,它们还有很长的路要走。
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9 z3 A& x1 C- M8 Y7 t6 ~Mikhelin De Siderio, works at Self-Employment
; U1 ]' w/ K8 @$ m+ tConfirm with China and Russia. possible Iran according to Nostradamus. It’s why Israelites are nervous about Iran. White men in the USA are not formidable military anymore by the year since 2012. War Technologies are good but not the military personals. The USA is diverse right now. Some supports to the right hand anti-corruptions anti-Zionism, some supports to the lift hand communism. The USA will be occupied by Cuba Mexico south Americans. Exempt Canada and Alaska.
1 X3 m- X+ @) W. `1 oTrump is trying to fix but will not last long! |$ R0 @$ j+ K) k; y4 D, w1 @5 n
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中国和俄罗斯是可以确认的。诺查丹玛斯(法国占星家)认为还有一个可能是伊朗,这就是以色列人对伊朗感到紧张的原因。自2012年起,美国白人便不再拥有强大的军事力量了,美国的军事科技是优秀的,但军事人员不是。美国现在是分裂的,有的举起手支持反腐败反犹太主义,有的举起手支持GC主义。美国将被古巴,墨西哥,南美人占领。而加拿大和阿拉斯加除外。( P1 {+ w# c. u$ h% P4 g  E8 x
特朗普正在努力修复,但美国坚持不了多久。
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; `; q5 B+ O" F' y8 }( 本文已被整理选入“国外译帖”栏目,欢迎大家阅读:http://www.kanshij.com/community/country/UN/17501.html
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