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Which country is the most difficult to invade geographically?
译者:unknown     发布时间:2018-04-30     超过 0 位网友阅读



Which country is the most difficult to invade geographically?



1.Bas Leijser, Writer, mountaineer, coffee addict, student


The Netherlands!
Yes, you read that right.
Our army is in a rather sad state right now:
1)60,000 active personnel
2)5000 reserves
3)A whopping 16 tanks (beat that Russia!)
4)Yearly budget of 8 billion (1.33% of USA’s budget)


We were once the most powerful country in the world (and, sadly, one of the leading countries in slavery and colonialism) but now we are just a cute little dot on the map.
We had close to 1000 tanks in 1990 (the Leopard 2) but the government has sold all of them ever since.
And still, I dare say that our country is the most difficult to invade.
Perhaps I really should not be giving away our secret, but here it is. This is what would happen if, say, Russia would decide to invade us (purely hypothetical, might as well be USA or China).




“Da, komendant! CYKA BLYAT!”
Several thousand tanks roll into the Netherlands all across the eastern border. There is little resistance.
Within hours, half of the country is occupied. Our 16 tanks are nothing but wrecks.
The enemies push on, The only thing that gives them pause, is the heroic counter-attack by the 34th Bicycle Cavalry Force.


As the enemies near the capital of Amsterdam, the following conversation takes place in our army’s HQ:
General 1: “The Netherlands is doomed! Perhaps we should have learned our lesson when we cut our army budget right before WW2.”
General 2: “We have no choice now.”
General 1: “Yes, we proceed with the plan.”
Both generals: “Activate Project Atlantis.”
The following footage is highly classified, but let it serve as a warning to any potential invaders.
Initiation of Project Atlantis would look a little like this:


Leading to:




You may take our lives, but you will never take our homeland!
Since the Netherlands is the only country worldwide that is almost entirely below sea-level, it even has a plan where flooding the country is used as a defence strategy (Hollandic Water Line - Wikipedia) and this can easily be done by destroying various flood defences; I say we are the most difficult to invade because there will be nothing to invade if we are desperate enough.



2.Balaji Viswanathan, student of world history


Japan. There has never been a foreign born person ruling the country in its history. Only the most powerful weapon ever - Atomic bomb - could make them surrender and even that was not enough for a full transfer of control. Even the Mongols failed there twice. Every other civilization has been invaded in the past.
Russia has been invaded [by Mongols and the Scandinavian before them]; Afghanistan has been invaded many times by Indian empires; China has been invaded [by Mongols, Manchus and Japan]; Switzerland has been invaded many times - people forget that its independence is relatively recent and as recently as in the 19th century they have been invaded by France [Helvetic Republic]; Britain had been invaded by the Romans, Angles, Saxons, Vikings, Normans...



Why is Japan so hard to conquer?
Islands are always hard to conquer and Japan's islands especially Honshu is among the largest island by population. It is not easy to conquer a population that has high emphasis on sustaining itself. New Zealand is an island too, but Japan has more than 25 times its population. It is  easier to overpower the 4.4 million Kiwis than to do the same to 127 million Japanese.
Britain is an island too and has some of the advantages, but besides being a little smaller, it is far more closer to the mainland. Crossing the East China sea between Japan & China is far more harder than crossing the north sea or the English channel. Britain also has a number of powers surrounding it. In case of Japan, there is the frozen Siberia, the Korean peninsula and China being the only challenges. Korea is smaller, Russia cannot easily supply to Siberia and that leaves China as the only real threat - and they are a few hundred miles off the ocean.



In short, Japan is not just a massively populated island, but quite remote too.
Compare that with Canada, whose population all live close to the US border and the US could just take over all the border cities with a lot less pain than taking over Japan. It also much smaller population [1/4 of Japan].
Britain also has historical fault lines between English & Scots - an alliance that could break apart [with a future referendum] and having two powers in the island can make things easier for an outside power. Japan is far more secure in that point - there are no major fault lines between its major islands.
Island + large population + remote location + history of non-submission  = practically impossible to invade.




3.Mohit Kapila, I know quite alot about China and India


I’m going to have to give this one to our rival, Australia.


As you may know, I am a Kiwi, but even I can’t deny that Australia should be noted as quite difficult (if not impossible in our time) to invade.
Australia is, in my opinion, a country that is unenviable by any other major country. Most of the major countries are thousands of kilometres away from Australia.



Distance between:
Canberra-Washington DC: 15,962KM
Canberra-Beijing: 9018KM
Canberra-Brasilia: 14,075KM
Canberra-New Delhi: 10,365KM
Canberra-London: 17,001KM
Canberra-Paris: 16,939KM
Canberra-Moscow: 14,498KM
Canberra-Wellington: 2329KM
Canberra-Jakarta :5401km


The point I’m trying to make is that the Australian continent is quite far away from other civilization.
A country invading Australia would need an extremely powerful navy just to get near it. The only country that could actually do real damage to Australia is Indonesia, and even they are hundreds of kilometers away. And let’s admit it, New Zealand can’t really do much to Australia.
Now that we have covered distance from other countries, let’s talk about the immense size of Australia. Australia is huge. I’m sure that even that is an understatement. Australia covers 7.692 million km2, or about 1.5% of Earth's surface!!
The climate of Australia is also quite, um … dangerous ˉ\_(ツ)_/ˉ. Australia is full of some of the most deadly and poisonous flora and fauna on the planet.
And if the animals don’t get you, then the intense climate will. During WW2, the Australians drew up a line called the Brisbane line, after the nearby large city. The line was drawn to show how far the Japanese could get into Australia before the climate killed them off.



澳大利亚的风土也很,嗯…危险ˉ\ _(ツ)_ /ˉ。澳大利亚到处都是世界上最致命、最毒的动植物。

Australia is just a place any invader will find hard to occupy.
Edit: I just want to add that there is a sci-fi book called “Tomorrow when the war began”. It explores the idea of there being an invasion of Australia. I am, however, not saying it is at all realistic.


4.Sam Montgomery, Extensive Reader


Afghanistan, where Empires go to die.


Before getting to my answer I would like to state that the question says "geographically" not "militarily".My answer focuses on two things:
1)The Afghani Physical Geography - Afghanistan is a mix of deadly environments.
2)The Afghani People, who represent part of Afghanistan's Geography. (Afghani work ethic)
Afghanistan is well known for it's rugged nature, and has been the center point of several wars, I am not going to be focusing on the reasons behind those conflicts but rather, what happened during the conflicts.



Okay so here is Afghanistan which according to Wikipedia is:
" A landlocked mountainous country with plains in the north and southwest, Afghanistan is located within South Asia and Central Asia. It is part of the US-coined Greater Middle East Muslim world, which lies between latitudes 29° N and 39° N, and longitudes 60° E and 75° E. The country's highest point is Noshaq, at 7,492 m (24,580 ft) above sea level. It has a continental climate with harsh winters in the central highlands, the glaciated northeast (around Nuristan), and the Wakhan Corridor, where the average temperature in January is below −15 °C (5 °F), and hot summers in the low-lying areas of the Sistan Basin of the southwest, the Jalalabad basin in the east, and the Turkestan plains along the Amu River in the north, where temperatures average over 35 °C (95 °F) in July."

阿富汗位于中亚和南亚,是一个内陆多山、北部和西南部均是平原的国家。它是美国创造的中东穆斯林世界的一部分,它位于纬度29° N 到 39° N,经度60° E 到75° E之间。这个国家的海拔最高点是诺沙克峰,在海拔7,492米(24,580英尺)以上。中央高地是拥有严酷冬季的大陆性气候,被冰冻覆盖的东北(在努里斯坦附近)和瓦罕走廊在1月的平均气温低于−15°C(5°F);西南部低洼的锡斯坦盆地则拥有炎热的夏季,东贾拉拉巴德盆地及突厥斯坦平原北部阿姆河沿岸在7月的平均气温超过35°C(95°F)。”

Despite having numerous rivers and reservoirs, large parts of the country are dry. The endorheic Sistan Basin is one of the driest regions in the world. Aside from the usual rainfall, Afghanistan receives snow during the winter in the Hindu Kush and Pamir Mountains, and the melting snow in the spring season enters the rivers, lakes, and streams. However, two-thirds of the country's water flows into the neighboring countries of Iran, Pakistan, and Turkmenistan. The state needs more than US$2 billion to rehabilitate its irrigation systems so that the water is properly managed.
Alright, so I highlighted the interesting stuff, that being the diverse climate and landscape. Which means if you're planning on invading your forces better be versatile, like really versatile..Oh and to add to that, as if trekking across the country sounded bad to your troops, remember that you're dealing with an enemy who knows the terrain like the back of their hand.


Yes, that's Afghanistan..


So's that.


And that.


I'm assuming you guys all get the picture, Afghanistan's climate and Geography isn't easy to overcome as an invader.
Alright now to the general population.
Afghanistan is a multiethnic society, and its historical status as a crossroads has contributed significantly to its diverse ethnic makeup. The population of the country is divided into a wide variety of ethnolinguistic groups. Because a systematic census has not been held in the nation in decades, exact figures about the size and composition of the various ethnic groups are unavailable. An approximate distribution of the ethnic groups is shown in the chart below:



Ethnic groups in Afghanistan:
Pashtun 42%
Tajik 27%
Hazara 8%
Uzbek 9%
Aimaq 4%
Turkmen 3%
Baloch 2%
Others (Pashayi, Nuristani, Arab, Brahui, Pamiri, Gurjar, etc.) 4%

普什图人 42%
塔吉克人 27%
哈扎拉人 8%
乌兹别克人 9%
艾马克人 4%
土库曼斯坦人 3%
俾路支人 2%
其他种族 (Pashayi, Nuristani, Arab, Brahui, Pamiri, Gurjar,等等) 4%。

The Afghani Armed Population is similar to other populations in central Asia, but as many nations have discovered the Afghani people are an extremely determined (although poorly disciplined) force. They're not threatening on an immediate level, but they do know the meaning of Guerrilla Warfare.
And that's the reason why no single foreign nation/empire has been able to successfully occupy Afghanistan.
Just before I end this post I would like to point out that Afghanistan isn't just about war, obviously. And that parts are pretty developed.


the city of Herat.


5.Hoang Nghiem (严黄), Director at Stormtrooper School of Shooting at Things
On the 8th of June 1949, George Orwell’s “1984” was published for the first time.
It was a book about what the future would be like had the past turned out differently than it did in our timeline.
After a worldwide nuclear war, three totalitarian “superstates” emerged:


In this timeline, the allied invasion of Normandy fails…
1)The Soviets instead defeat Nazi Germany before deciding to spread the “Workers’ Revolution” and go on to conquer all of Europe. People in the “Free World” become extra scared of Communism.
2)The US and UK ally together, America expands southwards as a safety measure (in case Japan reaches the mainland or Communism gets to South America), the crown re-acquires former British territories for the same reasons.
3)The Japanese Empire conquers most of Asia but a Chinese-Maoist Revolution overthrows and replaces it with a Communist regime (which is hostile to Soviet Communism).
4)Don’t forget that they ALL hate each other…

1)在决定传播“工人ge命”之前,苏维埃便打败了纳粹德国,并打算继续征服整个欧洲。 “自由世界”的人们更加害怕GC主义了。

Nuclear war *blah blah* desperation *blah blah* emergency *blah blah* hatred and thus the world of 1984 becomes reality…
According to “The Theory and Practice of Oligarchical Collectivism” (a book withinthe book):
“None of the three super-states could be definitively conquered even by the other two in combination.
They are too evenly matched, and their natural defenses are too formidable. Eurasia is protected by its vast land spaces, Oceania by the width of the Atlantic and the Pacific, Eastasia by the fecundity and industriousness of its inhabitants.”
Obviously ignoring Eastasia… there’s your answer: the hardest countries to invade are:


The United States of America


The US is surrounded by 2 oceans. All of her enemies are on the other side of the Pacific and Atlantic oceans. No one will be able to invade the US successfully for centuries to come.
In fact, no one probably even has the money to build a Navy that is good enough to first beat the US Navy, and then invade America (for which you also have to get pass their bases)



The Russian Federation


Ignoring the crippling Russian winter, invading Russia would still be hard. It’s not as easy as you think. The US could not just invade Siberia via Alaska and move inwards to the capital. The country is vast and crosses 9 timezones, I am sure the US would either run out of food or get bored before they reached Moscow… and that’s obviously ignoring the winter as well…



The Commonwealth of Australia

Do you remember what I said about the US? And about Russia? Apply both to Australia. A country that is essentially in the middle of nowhere but yet still huge… give up because most of Australia is desert anyway, if strategic locations were relocated there… could you really win? Would you even try?


6.Jon Mixon, Studied military actions from the Punic Wars to South Waziristan 


New Zealand.


Its closest neighbor is Australia, which is 1,340 miles across a pretty turbulent body of water. It has no land neighbors and any nation looking to invade would have to bring all or most of the supplies that it needs with it as the logistics lines would be incredible.


Besides that, both islands are exceptionally mountainous meaning that numerous ambush points can be established that would make land war very  treacherous. Finally capturing both islands and holding them without nearby bases to reinforce your troops there would make any such invasion and occupation extremely costly.


7.Jon Davis, Can find any country on Google Maps with labels turned off.


I want to say Canada. 


The first notable reasons are these two huge oceans which basically prevents everyone in North America from concerning themselves with the threat of international invasion. Second, the entire western portion is covered with high and inhospitable mountain ranges with lower level mountains encumbering an eastern invasion. The only real way to bypass this is to sail through a gauntlet of islands and narrow straights to invade through the Hudson bay or Great Lakes. To do that would be a really dangerous operation almost surely doomed to defense forces. 


The only best third option would be to literally walk over the North Pole, which, being that it is a frozen ocean, would be one of the most impressive logistical feats in history, followed only by one of the most difficult fought wars ever, since it would have to take place during the winter. Follow this with the fact that most the country is composed of woodlands and inhospitable tundra you have a recipe for insurgent activity that could last for years from those who know the territory well. 


I know that many would argue about that Southern border, but realistically speaking, the US and Canada have had a bromance going on for generations. Seriously, I've heard that it is the longest running uncontested border in history. While its existence somewhat seems to ignore the intent of the OP, we might as well say that there is an invisible wall protecting Canada's Southern Border in the form of millions of armed American service people and hundreds of millions of Americans themselves.


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