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国外网民评这辈子再也不想去的国家,居然是它!


What countries will you never visit again?
译者:unknown     发布时间:2018-07-10     超过 0 位网友阅读

我永远都再也不想去的国家里排第一的就是阿拉伯联合酋长国(UAE)

原文地址:https://www.quora.com


What countrieswill you never visit again?

【世界人民互相伤害系列】你这辈子都再也不想去了的国家有哪些?(1)

国外网民评这辈子再也不想去的国家





RichardMuller, Prof Physics, UCBerkeley, author "Now, The Physics of Time"
Russia. I’ve beenthere four times, once for a scientific conference, and three times fordiscussion of arms control, and I find the Russianculture and art and people wonderful. Under the communist regime I always feltpersonally safe. Because of my security clearances,I sensed that the KGB kept me under surveillance (indeed, one time my wife wasapproached in an attempt to find out more about me). As a result, I feltsecure; nobody could accost me without me getting offimmediate defense from my KGB followers.
But I’ve had aclose friend, Dan Ford, who interacted with thePutin government, and was threatened with murder if he didn’t comply with theirillegal demands. “We’ve learned that it would be cheaper to have you killedthan to buy your shares” he was told.
When Dan reportedthis to the FBI, they told him that such behavior had become common under thePutin regime, and that there was nothing they could do. They suggested that hegive up ownership of the Russian company he had cofounded.He did, losing all of his substantial investment, but saving his own life.
His story is verysimilar to that of Bill Browder,but in Browder’s case, his close colleagues actually were murdered. You canread his story in the book Red Notice: A True Story of High Finance,Murder, and One Man's Fight for Justice, by Bill Browder. I highlyrecommend this book; it gives a remarkable insight into what is currentlyhappening in Russia. I asked Browder if his book put his life in additionaldanger, and he told me that he hoped for the opposite. Now that he has gonepublic, it makes it much more difficult for Putin to simply kill him.
If Putin and hiskind of government is ever replaced, then I could imagine going back.

Richard Muller,加州大学伯克利分校物理学教授,《现在是物理时间》作者。
俄罗斯。

我去过俄罗斯四次,一次是为了参加科学会议,另外三次是为了讨论军备管控。我觉得俄罗斯文化艺术和俄罗斯人民都很出色。在GC主义政权下我一直感很安全,因为在进行安检清关的时候,我感到克格勃一直在监视我(实际上,他们有一次接近我的妻子,试图找出更多关于我的信息)。这样的结果就是,我感到很安全。有了克格勃跟踪者们的高效保护,没有人敢挑衅我。

我有个好朋友丹·福特(Dan Ford),他曾经和普京政府打过交道。有人威胁丹说如果不满足他们的非法要求,他们就要杀了丹。他们和丹说“我们都知道,杀了你比买你的股票更便宜。”

当丹把这件事报告给联邦调查局的时候,调查局告诉他这种事情在普京治下已经很普遍了,他们也无能为力,调查局建议他放弃在俄合伙公司的所有权。他照办了,所有的投资都打了水漂,但却捡回了一条命。

他的故事和比尔·布劳德(Bill Browder)非常相似,只不过在比尔的故事里,他亲密的同事却真的被谋杀了。你可以在比尔写的书:《Red Notice: A True Story of HighFinance, Murder, and One Man's Fight for Justice》里面读到他的故事。我十分推荐这本书,这本书对当前俄罗斯的状况进行了深刻解读。我问过布劳德,这本书是不是会让他有生命危险,他跟我说希望不会。现在他已经被大众所熟知,普京想要杀他可就不那么简单了。
什么时候普京政府被替换掉了,什么时候我再考虑回去吧。



Jessie Saleh, Medical student, truth enthusiast, life isnot easy to climb.
The number onecountry I won't visit ever again would have to be the UAE (United ArabEmirates). For those of you wondering, it’s located in the Persian Gulf.
Whenever someonementions cities within the UAE; such as Dubai, Abu Dhabi etc.. The first imagesthat come to mind are that of skyscrapers and glorious beaches. As well asother unique modern landmarks that can be seen:
(All images aretaken from Google)
Looks wonderful,doesn't it?
However, whatmost people don't realize is that these massive buildings which has grantedthis country its modern civilization are mostly constructed and built byworkers; the majority of which are expats in the UAE and which have been deniedtheir respective wages for months by the companies which they're working for.
The process ofrecruiting these workers is simple; companies would typically post ads orcontact foreign recruitment/employment agencies based in multiple countries(Mostly Southeast Asian countries; i.e. Nepal, Pakistan, Afghanistan, India,The Philippines, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, China etc..) to recruit workers forthem. The agencies would act as the middlemen between the two; they would findthose interested in working abroad, or in the tempting offers and swayingpromises made by the construction companies. The recruitment agencies wouldhelp the workers fill in their application forms & necessary documents forthe job and the visa and assist them in booking their airline tickets oncetheir visa has been approved. Ultimately they would get a fee from the workers anda percentage from the company.
The unsuspectedlaborers would take off to their destination in the hopes of being paid a highsalary; and making a fortune to support their families back home.
Unfortunately,once they land in the UAE they are given a lengthy contract to sign with thecompany, taken to their accommodation, and their passports are stripped awayfrom them and kept by their employers. This makes them unable to leave thecountry unless they obtain their passports back somehow, some of them never doand are trapped for years.
If that wasn'tbad enough, the workers are made to stay in terrible accommodation. The placesthey are kept in are unhygienic and filthy for people to live in. Some are keptin old buildings, just on the outskirts of the city they helped build.
The issue hasgenerated some controversy and international attention by the media, when acouple of journalists investigated the situation. Here are some pictures that'sbeen taken by an Iranian investigative journalist who did an article about themistreatment of these expats
(Due to lack of a proper cooking facilityworkers cook in unhygienic conditions)
(Some workers arepaid so little but forced to stay in horrible conditions)
(Source:0ss0.com)
The workers areforced to share a room, sometimes 7–8 workers share one room to sleep in.
They are notoffered running water for showering or cooking, and they aren't offered propercooking facilities either. Which means most of the time they are forced to findunconventional means to cook for themselves.
Due to the lackof sufficient plumbing the men’s living compartment are engulfed by a river ofsewage.
Some are paid aslittle as 150 a month, some are paid nothing whatsoever. Most are unable toprotest, unable to leave because they don't have their passports & areforced to stay & complete their contract work agreement.
Most are in debtback home, because they had to take loans and borrow money to pay the agencies,and buy an airline ticket and their minimum wage income isn't helping them payoff their debts or support their families back home or themselves.
The workingconditions themselves are atrocious, workers are forced to work for as long as12 hours per day, sometimes more. They are made to work during day shifts, evenwhen the temperature outside reaches 50 Celsius, workers have to work under thesun.
The UAEgovernment officials have been criticized for allowing such treatment to takeplace. However, the government’s response was to deny such accusations &ensure all the migrant workers in the UAE are treated well and are taken careof by their employers. Even if reality revealed otherwise.
A lot of this istermed Modern slavery. A mini documentary made by Vice has been uploaded intoYouTube in which reporter Ben Anderson poses as a Britishtourist and exposes the mistreatment of migrant workers in the UAE. I know it'sa bit outdated, but this remains a pressing issue that's still going on tillthis day.
Slaves of Dubai
I'm not bashingthe people of the UAE. I'm sure there are wonderful people there. On the plusside: the food was great and it was a lovely getaway. The hospitality werecieved was great. On the down side: it was incredibly expensive, and I'm notentirely sure the cost was entirely worth it for the tourist experience you'relooking to get.
However,unfortunately the government doesn't care about making a reform, or changingthe laws to protect the rights of the migrant workers that seek a better lifeand are kept in the dark about the circumstances that might await them. I'm notin support of that.
I realize thatsuch activities go on and do happen in different countries across allcontinents. The only difference being is that most of these countries have lawsagainst such actions & award migrant workers with their proper rights. Iunderstand migrant workers from everywhere might face discrimination and racismwhile they're working in different counties but at least their legal rights arepreserved and they are protected.
Those workers arenot, because the UAE doesn't grant them their legal rights & on top of thatin case the workers attempt to escape their forced labor once they're caught byauthorities they are rejoined with their abusive employers despite anyprotests.
A lot of theworkers who succeed in running away, spend years in hiding from authorities.During that period they try to gather as much money as possible to be able toafford a return ticket back home since the government won't legally deport themor ask the company they work for to pay for their return ticket either.

Jessie Saleh,医学学生,狂热追寻真理的人,生活不易。
我永远都再也不想去的国家里排第一的就是阿拉伯联合酋长国(UAE)。有些人可能还在想这个国家在哪,它就在波斯湾。

人们一谈起阿拉伯联合酋长国的城市,就会说起像迪拜,阿布扎比这样的城市。映入脑海的第一幅画面就是摩天大楼和美丽的海岸。还有其他一些独树一帜的地标性景观:

看着还挺好的对吧?
然而,大部分人都没有意识到这些赋予了这个国家现代文明的恢弘建筑都是由普通工人们建造的,而这些身在阿拉伯联合酋长国的工人们大部人都是外国人,他们工作的建筑公司已经好几个月不给他们发工资了。

招聘这些工人的程序很简单,建筑公司只需张贴广告,或是联系各个国家的外事招聘公司代为招聘就行了(这些国家大部分都在东南亚,比如尼泊尔,巴基斯坦,阿富汗,印度,菲律宾,斯里兰卡,中国等等)。这些代理机构会成为双方的中间人,他们会找寻那些愿意在海外工作的人,或是开出有诱惑性的条件,或是建筑公司做出一些不知道能不能兑现的承诺。招聘代理机构会帮助工人填写所需的申请表格和必要文件,帮助他们办理签证。签证获准之后帮这些工人订机票。这些代理机构既从工人那里收取费用,也会从建筑公司那里得到分成。

一切都办妥了之后,劳工们满怀着挣大钱的希望乘机飞往目的地,希望能够发财之后回来养活家人。

不幸的是,他们在阿联酋刚一落地就被要求和建筑公司签下一份长期合同,然后被带到宿舍,他们的护照被拿走由雇主保管。除非他们能拿回自己的护照,否则就无法离开这个国家,而他们中的某些人再也拿不到护照了,并且已经困在这个国家好多年了。
这还不是最差的,工人们的住宿条件非常糟糕,他们待的地方肮脏不堪,简直不适合人类居住。有些人就住在他们从事建造工作的城市外伟的旧大楼里。
有些记者针对这一情况进行了调查,因此该问题已经引起了一些争议,并得到了国际媒体的关注。一名伊朗调查记者写了一篇关于这些外国人所受虐待情况的文章,下面是他拍摄的照片。


​(由于缺少适当的烹饪设施,工人们只能在肮脏的环境里做饭)
(有些工人只能拿到很少的工资,却要被迫住在十分恶劣的环境里)

工人们都被迫挤在一个房间, 甚至有时候七八个工人睡在一间屋子里。
那里没有自来水供他们做饭或淋浴,也没有给他们提供适当的烹饪设施。这意味大多数时候他们只能被迫找到一些非传统的方法来给自己做饭。
由于缺乏足够的管道设施,这些人住的房间已经被污水淹没。

有些人的薪水很少,只有150美元一个月,而有些人则一分钱都拿不到。大多数人既不能抗议也不能离开,因为他们没有护照,只能被迫留下来直到合同完成。

他们之中大多数人回家的时候都背上了债务,因为当初要付给代理机构费用,要买机票,他们不得不贷款或是借钱。而他们微薄的薪水根本无法还清当初所借的债务,更不用说回国后养活自己和家人了。

工人们的工作环境极其恶劣,有时候每天要被迫工作12小时。他们被安排在白天工作,甚至外面温度高达50摄氏度的时候也不得不在太阳底下工作。

阿联酋政府因为允许这样非人道的行为存在而遭到批评。然而阿联酋政府对此的回应却是否认指控,即便这些事实已经被揭露了出来,沙特政府却说他们确保所有在沙特的工人都受到很好的对待,这些工人被雇主们照顾的很好。

大量的这种行为可以被称为现代奴隶主义。由Vice制作的,关于此类情况的迷你纪录片已经被上传到了油土鳖上。视频中记者本·阿德森(Ben Anderson)伪装成一名英国游客将这些工人在阿联酋受到的虐待揭露了出来。我知道视频可能有点过时,但这一紧迫的问题直到今天却仍然存在。

我不是要指责阿联酋人民,我相信那里的人民都是善良友好的。而且那里的食物很棒,是个度假的好去处,对我来说那里的人民非常好客。不太好的一面就是:物价非常的贵,我不敢完全确定这些花费对你的观光旅程来说值不值得。

然而不幸的是,阿联酋政府却根本对改革漠不关心,也不想改变法律来保护移民劳工的人权。这些工人来寻找美好的生活,却被困在了早就在等着他们的黑暗环境中。这一点我是无法赞同的。

我知道这样的情况在全球各个不同国家都有发生。唯一的不同点是,大多数国家都有法律来约束这样的行为,会对移民劳工的权益进行适当的保护。我明白,当移民劳工在国外工作时可能都会面临着歧视和种族主义,但至少他们的合法权益是有保障的,是受到保护的。

而这些身在阿联酋的工人们则没有这种保障,因为阿联酋政府就根本没有赋予他们合法权益。不仅如此,如果他们想要逃离这种被迫劳作的环境,一旦被官方抓住他们不会受到任何保护,,而是会被送回到虐待他们的雇主那里。

很多工人成功逃跑了,他们这些年来一直在躲着阿联酋政府。在此期间为了能买张回家的机票,他们努力赚钱,因为政府不会合法的遣返他们,也不会让雇佣他们的建筑公司来付他们回家的机票钱。


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