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译者:unknown     发布时间:2020-09-15     超过 0 位网友阅读


How would you turn a poor country into a rich country in 20 years?



Stephen Charles
I think this can be a rabbit hole, take the cases of Japan and Afghanistan. In Japan the United States dropped not 1 but 2 nuclear bombs on it and fire bombed significant portions of the rest of the country. A generation or two later Japan was the most advanced economy in the world.
Meanwhile, the US spent perhaps 2–3 trillion dollars trying to do “nation building” in Afghanistan to no avail. Perhaps you could say American and other foreign interventions have hurt Afghanistan and you’d probably be correct but it illustrates a point.
I think it really comes down to the industriousness and intelligence of the nation’s people. An outside force can’t really do much to make a country rich or poor. Perhaps importing extremely intelligent leaders to the country to reform it’s institution could help but many countries would regard this as occupation and would come to resent and resist it.


Vahe Shelunts, Intern at US Embassy Yerevan (2017-present)
The prosperity of a country depends on quite many factors, but particularly human and physical capital, productivity, natural resources and technological innovation. I would invest heavily in education and research & development to increase the quality of human capital. Another important characteristic that developed states have is relatively low level of corruption and very advanced institutional system. So, I would also make sure to invest considerably to eradicate corruption from public institutions.


Selim Inges, Data Analyst
Invest in infrastructure and education. Send the brightest abroad to study at foreign universities, paid for by the govt.
Pillage the natural resources to cover the cost of infrastructure. Hopefully this pays off and you can get some manufacturing/service/tourism industries going before you run out of resources or pollute too much


Pete Von Vuren
Headhunt the most brilliant brains from around the globe, appoint them as policymakers, ignore the self interest protest from the elected politicians, and I think things will turn out pretty well.


Frank Howell, B.S. Business Administration & Financial Management, University of Southern California
Easy. I would do the same thing the “Asian Tiger” economies and post-WWII Japan did, except instead of going 10% of the way, I would go 100% of the way. [url]www.landreform.org[/url]


Answered December 3, 2019
When I was born, in 1981, China''s GDP per capita was less than that of Chad. I thought that sounded like nonsense the first time I heard it, but it''s true. On a per capita basis, China was one of the poorest countries on earth.
To be fair, that''s due to the extremely large population. China had a decently functioning economy even then, but huge swaths of the country were very poor rural areas with little development to speak of.
In less than forty years, the Chinese economy exploded into a global manufacturing powerhouse. Over half a billion people have risen out of poverty in a few decades, which is feat never even approached before in history.
It''s hard to say what China''s future holds, but the transformation, just in my lifetime, has been extraordinary.


Alok Tripathi, former Speaker at All India Radio (2001-2013)
1 China
It is the most important economic miracle of this century. China’s per capita income was same as India in 1970s.
Moreover China could completely stabilized its population, now hardly any difference between India and China as for as population is concern.
China’s foreign exchange reserves is more than any countries GDP ( except the USA).
Unprecedented growth of the Chinese economics .
2 Israel
War affected country through out since its inception. Not blessed with the natural resources, even then accomplished the status of a developed country. People of the Israel ( who are isolated from the many countries ) are the greatest example of endurance.
3 Singapore
The most developed country in Asia in all the parameters such as per capita income , one of the highest rank in the HDI, qualitative & pragmatic education, unity in diversities, well planned & well governed society, peaceful & progressive, safest & cleanest country. Role model for many countries in the world.
4 South Korea
South Korea is another country which came up in no time. Today it is the power center of consumer durable & automobiles. It is another country which is always remain alx from its neighbor North Korea which is having atomic weapons. In spite that today South Korea is one of the most respected & admired country,


John Doyle, former Retired Architect/ Builder
Only city states, Dubai, Monaco, Singapore, Hong Kong, Luxembourg can hope to achieve that status and it’s really not an intrinsic wealth. The economy of such states is geared to attract wealthy persons with exemptions for tax from neighbouring realms that have taxes that want to avoid. They will all be a tax haven to some degree, Dubai, Abu Dhabi, have more collared than position as a hinge between east and west to become transport hubs, etc It is all very fragile but still looking good today, But for how long?


William Scott Gibson, former Professional Chef (2002-2017)
POLAND! Hungry went the other way (NOT ENOUGH YOUNG PEOPLE!)
But now we must impose a plunder tax on the .01% that s getting so rich that they will destroy not only the poor! But the middle classes! If they get the 10% tax they will virtually be paid to be the richest people on the planet!A C.E.O.makes 680 TIMES WHAT THE AVERAGE WORKER MAKES!
They can be on many boards ! so they can make thousands of times what average workers make !Why not just hire 680 people to do the C.E.O. job? Wouldn’t 680 heads be better than one overpaid head?
The TAX INCOME: is paid 70% by the workers, and the other 30% is paid by the small businesses! While the rich corporation and “non” profits pay nothing as they get corporate welfare! The rich have never paid even for murder! No execution of a rich person in our history! The TAX should never be imposed on the poor or MIDDLE CLASSES! It should not even be imposed on small business! The plunders TAX SHOULD START AT 2 million dollars at 40% then graduate up to the richest at 90% .the Rothschild is said to have 1500 TRILLION DOLLARS in secret vaults in the form of gold! THIS IS INCOME TAX EVASION on a grand scale!7 billion people on planet earth need to get together and demand that governments(ALL OF THEM)stop letting the rich PLUNDER!
And the entire world needs to cave in on the ultra wealthy!OTHERWISE, THE RICH WILL HAVE A TWO CLASS SOCIETY THE SUPER RICH (WHO ANSWER TO NO ONE!)AND THE SUPER POOR! PUTIN AND THE OTHER DICTATORS ARE ALL CAPITALIST THEY ARE JUST FASCIST CAPITALIST… the stock market needs to be properly taxed! As well as derivatives (A huge 14.4 QUADRILLION DOLLAR MARKET) So if we impose a poor tax on derivatives of 1% then We can have $14 TRILLION DOLLARS to house, employ train the homeless, orphans, unemployed widows underemployed and those who can’t work!
This is not a revolution it is polite society imposing its values on plunder, A VERY CAPITALIST CONCEPT …plunder must be punished!


Joshua Macapili
Definitely South Korea, it experienced double-digit growth during the "Miracle on the Han River". Before this period, it suffered from over population (it has the twenty-third largest population in a very small landmass, and today its population density exceeds 1000 people per square mile). It also had no industrial base whatsoever, all the industry in Korea were located in North Korea after the partition. It lacked any natural resources.
It then pursued export-oriented industrialisation, a method of growth followed by Japan, China, the other Asian Tiger economies and three of the Asian Tiger cub economies (except the Philippines). In 1960, it had an inflation-adjusted (people here didn''t account inflation, nominally it was around $100) per capita GDP of around $1,100 2000 Int''l $. Now it has a per capita GDP of $24,000 2000 Int''l $ and a nominal one of around $27,000. That''s like, a 270-fold increase nominally and a more than 20-fold increase when adjusted for inflation. Most of the largest international conglomerates (such as Hyundai, Samsung, Kia) are from Korea.
Not only it became rich (I like to think South Korea as more successful than the other tiger economies because it started at a much lower base and has a larger population, meaning that of course it would have a lower GDP per capita), it gained large influence. It has one of the most largest militaries, much larger than the weak Japan and on-par with China, a country much, much larger than it. It also has a high military technology. If China were reduced to South Korea''s population size, it''s obvious South Korea will win. It also developed a pop culture (consisting of pop music and drama) that replaced Japanese pop culture as the dominant one in Asia.
By 2050, some people project that nominal GDP per capita would surpass $150,000 due to large increases in consumer spending and productivity, making it the fourth richest country (along with the rest of the Asian tigers) in a per capita basis. Despite it being in the middle of three giants, China (1.3+ billion), Russia (140 million), Japan (126 million) it is a major regional power and an emerging power. Korean reunification will only bolster this process, with South Korea gaining more labor (its population will increase to 80 million, near the economic giant Germany''s size) and the great mineral wealth of the North.


Al Carroll, Professor, Historian, Author, Fulbright Scholar
The obvious ones to look at are the Persian Gulf states and Brunei, who became wealthy thanks to having one badly needed and highly priced resource, oil. Some parts of their stories are fascinating for their excesses, such as Brunei''s Sultan with his gold plated cars, dozens of palaces, and stories of flying in Hollywood actresses for very expensive prostitution. For these nations, their wealth was purely a matter of luck, and there''s no sign such wealth will continue once the resource is gone.
Another answer mentioned Singapore. This was a port once notorious for poverty, dirtiness, and dangerousness in American and British fiction, film, and songs of 50-60 years ago. Today it''s highly developed and almost antiseptically clean and safe. But it is a paradox. It''s highly capitalistic and commercially successful. But the state produces much of that wealth. It is the sole landlord and the main provider of housing and healthcare. Yet unxs are crippled, and it''s a tax haven for wealthy elites. It''s also one of the most unequal societies, despite its great wealth.
The final example is one surprisingly no one has mentioned. Before the United States was born, its American Indian tribes had no poverty. They were radically equal societies where those unable to care for themselves were provided for. The US was resource rich but almost all its people were very poor until WWII. The war destroyed or weakened all major global competitors, since they''d all been invaded or heavily bombed. A strong unx movement redistributed that wealth to the general public, and the GI Bill brought education that before mostly the wealthy had. As unxs were crippled and the competitors recovered from wars, political elites began redistributing the wealth...this time from the middle and poorer classes to the wealthy. US society is the most unequal today it''s been since the 1920s, almost a century ago, and that inequality is getting worse faster.


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